Notes and Sources are presented as end notes. To read them as you proceed, click on note numbers within the text.
On 31 May 1788 Harry Taylor, Nash County, bequeathed to his son Etheldred, among other things, a parcel of land in Franklin County that he had purchased from Thomas Glover.Note 1 Franklin County, formed in 1779 when Bute County was dissolved,Note 2 shares a border with Nash County immediately to the west. For that reason, I examined available transcriptions of early Franklin County and Bute County records. On 11 August 1768, the earliest applicable record I found, Thomas Glover was assigned to supply hands to construct or maintain a public road along with other residents.Note 3 The next mention was on 15 November 1769: “On motion, Thomas Glover and William Moseley, aged and infirmed persons, are recommended to the General Assembly as persons incapable of paying Public Taxes.”Note 4 He was listed on the 1771 Bute County tax list,Note 5 which may have indicated that the General Assembly did not agree with the Court, or it might have been his namesake. On 14 February 1775 Thomas Glover Junior was involved in the transfer of property in Bute County;Note 6 and again on 12 August 1777. I found no later records of either Thomas Glover in Bute or Franklin County. Thomas Glover was enumerated on the 1790 census in Nash County. The household included one male sixteen or older, two males under sixteen, and five females.Note 7 The older male is undoubtedly Thomas, the younger males are his sons Benjamin and William, and two of the females are daughters Ann and Rebecca.
Thomas Glover is not a unique name; and there is no strong direct evidence that either of the Bute County individuals were the one in Nash County in 1790. Unfortunately I could find no record of the death of the elder Thomas in Bute, Franklin, or Nash Counties; although a Thomas Glover's death is recorded in Nash County, as will be detailed below. It is my contention that the elder Bute County Thomas died prior to 1790, and that Thomas Junior is the Nash County Thomas. It is highly unlikely that a man described in 1769 as an aged and infirmed person would have minor children twenty-one years later — his son, Thomas Junior, is the more likely candidate. The previously mentioned Franklin County land purchase from Thomas Glover; and the absence of any Glover households on the 1790 Franklin County censusNote 8 strengthens the theory. The 1800 census for Nash County lists a Thomas Glover whose household contains only one male aged sixteen to twenty-five.Note 9 This Thomas is too young to have been the Bute County Thomas Junior, who had apparently reached his majority at least twenty-three years earlier. This young Thomas may have been the son of the 1790 Thomas, who could have been enumerated elsewhere as an apprentice or worker; or he could have been a nephew. In any case, the foregoing facts and observations, serve to support my theory.
In November 1790, Thomas Glover secured the bond of Jeremiah Stevens as administrator of the estate of Simon Jones; and then on 17 February 1791, John Pritchett was granted administration of the estate of Thomas Glover, deceased.Note 10 There were a number of references to the settlement of Thomas Glover's estate in Nash County court minutes over the next several years, for example: “Glover, Thomas inventory by John Pritchett, admr., included 300 acres of land. Account current, Feb. 14, 1794.”Note 11 There was never a mention of a widow; and children were not mentioned in records for six years. In 1797, John Glover, thought to be Thomas' brother, posted bond as guardian to Ann, Benjamin, Rebecca, and William, the minor children of Thomas Glover.Note 12
Thomas' son Benjamin was my great-great-great-grandfather. He was born in the late 1780s, probably in Nash County. He first appeared by name on the 1820 census.Note 13 The household contained two males ten or younger, one male aged twenty-six to forty-five (Benjamin,) one female sixteen to twenty-five (wife Martha Finch) one female over forty-five, and one male slave under fifteen years of age. The enumerator listed names alphabetically by districts, although he failed to name the districts. I can identify Benjamin's wife using the Law of Spousal Proximity, because his father-in-law Claiborn Finch is on the same census page, which puts them in the same district. I have not found any record, such as a marriage bond, to establish the date of their marriage; neither have I any indication that he was ever married to anyone else. It is recorded that Claiborn Finch made a deed of gift to his daughter Martha Glover and to Benjamin Glover on 16 April 1833;Note 14 and Benjamin and Martha, as “Patsy,” were named in the settlement of Claiborn Finch's estate in 1850.Note 15 In 1830 there were one male under five, one five to ten, two ten to fifteen, one thirty to forty, one female under five, two five to ten, one thirty to forty, and one female slave under ten in the Benjamin Glover household.Note 16 The enumerator in 1840 found one male under five, one five to ten, one ten to fifteen, one fifteen to twenty, one twenty to thirty, and one forty to fifty, three females under five, one ten to fifteen, one fifteen to twenty, one forty to fifty, and one female slave ten to twenty-four.Note 17
In 1850 Benjamin and Martha are listed as age 59 and 53 respectively; and have children still at home: Yancy, age 26; Fanny H., age 22; William, age 18; Curtis H., age 17; Martha A. E., (my great-great-grandmother) age 13; and Margaret, age 12.Note 18 On the eve of the War Between the States, the U. S. Census found Benjamin and Martha at the head of an extended family. They were listed as age 68 and 62 respectively. The value of his real estate was $3,500 and his personal estate, $6,719. Still at home were Curtis, age 27, and, apparently his wife Zelpha, age 15; and Margaret M., age 20. Also listed was a mulatto family consisting of Orren Taborn, age 25, turpentine laborer; his wife Rebecca, age 24; and their children two year-old Mary and two month-old Caleb.Note 19 Benjamin had come a long way since his name was on a list of Nash County citizens who were delinquent on 1821 taxes and subject to have 190 acres sold to pay that debt,Note 20 to having assets greater than $10,000. In 1850, he had one male slave, aged 60;Note 21 but in 1860, Benjamin Glover was listed with five slaves: three males aged 36, 12, and 1 respectively; and two females, aged 24 and 23.Note 22 Apparently the increase in wealth came in the main from the estate of his late father-in-law, Claiborn Finch.
At some point after the 1860 census was taken, Martha Finch Glover died; because in 1870 Benjamin was living in the household of his son, Claiborn Glover, Claiborn's wife Elizabeth, and a farm laborer by the name of Jane Liles.Note 23 Claiborn, aged 54, was probably the eldest son of Benjamin and Martha; because, following two common given name practices of the day, he was named for his grandfathers (Thomas and Claiborn) and went by his middle name. I do not know when Benjamin died, nor where he is buried.
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