Page, part of the Jan and Larry Rhodes Family site, updated 15 January 2010

The Parker Family
by Larry Rhodes

Notes and Sources are presented as end notes. To read them as you proceed, click on note numbers within the text.

My last ancestor born a Parker, was my Great-great-great-grandmother, Polly G. who was born 29 December 1816.Note 1 She married Alfred Eure on 12 January 1835, the date of their marriage bond.Note 2 She died before 1848; and therefore never appeared by name on the federal census. Her father, Solomon Parker, according to the internet adaptation of a 1909 series of county histories entitled Families of Early North Carolina,Note 3 was born before 1775 in Edgecombe County, North Carolina. His actual birth date was 10 January 1771.Note 4 He could have been, and probably was, born in that part of Edgecombe that became Nash County in 1777.Note 5 Solomon Dawson Parker gave oath on 18 August 1790 in the Nash County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions to the validity of a deed of sale.Note 6 It is doubtful that the court would have permitted that action by a minor. The first federal census held in 1790 showed ten Parker households in Nash County; but there were only two of them with more than one male over the age of sixteen. William Parker had three males over sixteen and five females, while John Parker, Jr. had two males over sixteen, three males under sixteen, and six females.Note 7 Either of these men could have been Solomon's father or his employer; or he could have been in another household altogether. I have been unable to identify his father. [His full name, Solomon Dawson Parker, was spelled out in the court record; but elsewhere his middle name was given as Dorson.Note 8 This was the recording of a deed for land purchased from the state about 11 February 1797, and lying today within the city of Rocky Mount.]

After his initial citation in the minutes of the Nash County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, his name appeared often. On 23 February 1792, he became co-guardian, along with Jethro Phillips and Gabriel Parker, to orphan children of John Parker, Lancaster aged fourteen and Mary whose age was not given.Note 9 Over the next years, he served on juries, provided hands for road construction and maintenance, served as a patroler in his district, and as an election judge.Note 10

Solomon got married in 1795. She simply identified as Margaret in the 1909 Families of Early North Carolina;Note 11 but family lore in one line of descendants identifies her as Mary Drake.Note 12 Their family in 1800 consisted of one male under ten, one male 26 to 44, one female under ten, one female 26 to 44, and one female 45 or older, and two slaves.Note 13 The little family continued to grow with two males under ten, one male 10 to 15, one male 26 to 44, one female under ten, one female 10 to 15, two females 26 to 44, and five slaves in 1810.Note 14 In 1820 the Parker household had four males under ten, one male 10 to 18, one male over 45, two females under ten, one female 16 to 26, one female 26 to 45, one female over 45, one male slave under 14, one male slave over 45, two female slaves 14 to 26, and one female slave over 45.Note 15 On 9 November 1829, Solomon Parker was named administrator of the estate of Josiah Parker, deceased;Note 16 and this could have been his last act of public service, although administrators usually got a percentage of the value of goods and money passing through their hands. By 1830 the Parkers were no longer a young family. There was one male 10 to 15, three males 15 to 20, one male 60 to 70, two females 10 to 15, one female 30 to 40, and fourteen slaves.Note 17 The increase in the number of slaves over previous years may have arisen from his administration of Josiah Parker's estate.

On 9 February 1837, Solomon Parker's will was presented to the Nash County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions. Here is a published summary:Note 18

314. SOLOMON PARKER   9 Feb 1837   Feb Ct 1837
Son CALVIN PARKER - 100 acres joining himself, the Hamon tract; negroes Amus, Milly, bed & furniture.
Son OFFE PARKER - 250 acres joining JESSE BARNES; 100 acres; negroes Jack, Luce(?), bed & furniture.
Son WEEKS PARKER - 239 acres called Earoeney(?) place & the Boedey place; negroes David, Luce, bed
& furniture, bride & saddle. Son SOLOMON PARKER - 200 acres called Vin...? place; negroes Ruffin, Mary.
Daughter POLLY UERS - Little Henry, Jude; etc. Daughter KIZZEY URES - Critta, $500. Easter & her
child Hanner & the money to go to my 3 grandchildren BECKEY, JOE, DEMPSEY. Other legacies.
Ex.    son CALVIN PARKER, son-in-law ALFORD URES
Note attached indicates that the will was not recorded until Nov Ct 1840.
Offe is apparently a nickname for TheophilusNote 19; and Uers, Ures is the surname Eure. The marriage bond of Francis Eure and Kezziah Parker was dated 4 March 1833; and, as noted previously, that of Alfred Eure and Mary “Polly” Parker was on 12 January 1835.Note 20 Since Solomon made a special bequest to Kizzey's children, it is probable that Francis Eure had already died.

One source states that Margaret died in August 1865;Note 21 but census searches for 1850 and 1860 Nash and Edgecombe Counties have failed to find her. Apparently there was a Mrs. S. Parker, age 84, residing in a hotel in the town of Wilson, Wilson County in 1860.Note 22 (Wilson County was formed in 1855 out of parts of Nash, Edgecombe, and Johnston Counties.)Note 23 This persons's age would make her born about 1776 and about age 19 when Solomon and Margaret married in 1795; however, I think that Margaret died before 1830; because the oldest female on the 1830 census Note 24 was aged 30 to 40, which would have placed her birth between 1790 and 1800; and Margaret married Solomon in 1795. However, the strongest evidence of Margaret's predeceasing Solomon is that she was not mentioned in his will; and it was common in those days that a testator would bequeath the home place to one of his sons upon the death or remarriage of the widow. I have been unable to uncover any other evidence that Margaret Parker existed as late as 1865. I have no idea where Solomon and Margaret may be buried.

I also have Parker ancestry on my father’s side. Jane Parker, daughter of John and Elizabeth Banister Parker of London, England, married Joshua Whitaker. Joshua, a Quaker, died in a minor religious skirmish on the Isle of Man sosmetime between 1715 and 1719; and Jane moved with her children to Ireland, and later immigrated to New Jersey.Note 25 John and Elizabeth Parker are my seventh great-grandparents. There is no known relationship between these and the Nash County Parkers. Since the Parker surname arises from the occupation of game keeper,Note 26 and since manors all across the British Isles and Europe had forests and game preserves, the surname probably arose where there was a fellow working as a “parker.”

  1. Photos of handwritten documents identified as Solomon D. Parker Family Bible, provided by Parker Agelasto, Richmond, Virginia. The pages, apparently from a book of funeral sermons by Isaac Watts printed in 1791, were tucked into an Arendell family Bible, which had come into the Parker family through marriage. Both the Bible and the pages are in the possession of Laura Peace, Henderson, North Carolina, who saved them from destruction when a smokehouse roof collapsed in the 1970s.
  2. Nash County North Carolina Marriage Bonds, Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1943, Page 48.
  3.; Nash County, “North Carolina Vital Records Abstracts;” Topeka, KS: Topeka & Shawnee County Public Library, 2007.
  4. Op. Cit. Photos from Agelasto.
  5. Corbitt, David Leroy; The Formation of The North Carolina Counties 1663-1943; Raleigh: State Department of Archives and History, 1950, pf 157.
  6. Bradley, Dr. Stephen E. Jr.; Nash County North Carolina Court Minutes Vol. II 1787 - 1793; Keysville, VA: Self-published, 1993, p. 50.
  7. 1790 U. S. Census, North Carolina, Nash County, Halifax Distrist; Series M637 Roll 7 Page 19.
  8. Rackley, Timothy W., Nash County North Carolina Deeds Vol. I 1778-1804; Kernersville, NC: Self-published, 1996, p. 108.
  9. Bradley; Op. Cit., Vol. II, p. 77.
  10. Bradley, Op. Cit., Vols. IV, V, Vi, VII, IX.
  11., Op. Cit.
  12. Agelasto, Parker; E-mail, 10 January 2010.
  13. 1800 U. S. Census, North Carolina, Nash County, No Twp. Listed; Series M32 Roll 32 Page 115, line 1.
  14. 1810 U. S. Census, North Carolina, Nash County, Raleigh Dist.; Series M252 Roll 41 Page 167, Line 10.
  15. 1820 U. S. Census, North Carolina, Nash County, No Twp. listed; Series M33 Roll 83 Page 286, Line 19.
  16. Rackley, Timothy W., Nash County North Carolina Court Minutes Vol. XIII 1829 - 1830; Kernersville, NC: Self-published, 1995.
  17. 1830 U. S. Census, North Carolina, Nash County, District No. 8 Taylor's; Series M19 Roll 123 Page 194, Line 23.
  18. Bradley, Dr. Stephen E. Jr., The Wills of Nash County, North Carolina Vol. I 1777 - 1848; Keysville, VA: Self-published, 1992.
  19. Rose, Christine; Nicknames Past and Present; San Jose, CA: Self-published, 2002, p. 35.
  20. Nash County North Carolina Marriage Bonds, Op. Cit.
  21., Op. Cit.
  22. 1860 U. S. Census, North Carolina, Wilson County, Town of Wilson; Series M653 Roll 918 Page 198, Line 17.
  23. North Carolina Her Counties Her Townships & Her Towns; Indianapolis: The Researchers.
  24. 1830 U. S. Census. Op. Cit.
  25. Whitaker, C. Bruce; The Whitaker Family of Buncombe County, North Carolina and Genealogies of the Reed, Harper, and Wright Families; Asheville, NC: Ward Publishing Co., 1989, p. Wh. 3.

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